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Physical and Chemical Properties of Silica Fume

Physical and Chemical Properties of Silica Fume

As we know, silica fume can effectively improve the performance of concrete compressive, bending, seepage resistance and corrosion resistance, and the reason why it can play such a good effect, can not be separated from the physical and chemical properties of silica fume, today HSA will introduce the physical and chemical properties of silica fume.

Generation of silica fume

We know that silica fume is industrial silicon and ferrosilicon alloy in the high-temperature melting process with the flue gas escape or industrial dust recovered from the flue gas purification device, the formation process is high-purity quartz in the high-temperature state is reduced, there will be 10% to 15% of the silicon formation of vapor into the flue, silicon vapor with the airflow up to meet oxygen combined into silicon monoxide (Si0), escaping from the furnace when the SiO meets cold air, combined with oxygen into silicon dioxide (SiO2) flue gas.

These SiO2 flue gases are condensed into very small spherical non-crystalline micro-beads, which are discharged from the chimney in the form of dust, and are collected when they pass through the collection equipment, which is silica fume, and the whole reaction formula is as follows.

2SiO+O2→2SiO2(Silica Fume)↑

The physical and chemical properties of silica fume

Chemical composition of silica fume

The chemical composition of silica fume is very simple, 85~96% of the part is SiO2, and the majority is amorphous silica, which is a very good volcanic ash material. Amorphous SiO2 content plays a decisive role in the nature of silica fume, a small amount of iron oxide, aluminum oxide, calcium oxide, sulfur oxide and sodium oxide (potassium), etc. is not much harm to the concrete; carbon content does not exceed 2%, and the burn loss is about 1.5% to 3%.

The mineral composition of silica fume

Silica fume is basically amorphous silica, containing a small amount of silica crystalline minerals (mainly quartz). Amorphous silica structure and and fine particles are the main reason for the high activity of silica fume. Special high-quality silica fume, its amorphous calcium dioxide content of up to 98% or more.

Silica fume particle composition and morphology

Silica fume in the flue rapid cooling process, due to the action of liquid surface tension, the formation of amorphous prospherical particles, the surface is extremely smooth. As the micro-silica powder particles are very fine and the surface chemical bonding defects and rarely exist alone, often multiple small particles are gathered together through electrostatic force to form a flocculent structure or agglomerate structure.

The particle size of silica fume is very small, generally below 0.5μm, spherical particles of uneven size, the average particle size is only 0.10~0.20μm, the specific surface area of 15000~30000m2/kg. the particle size of silica fume is much smaller than cement, fly ash, mineral powder, etc., about 1/50~1/100 of the particle size of cement.

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